Tar Zip Command In Linux – If you use Ubuntu Linux; Sooner or later you will be faced with the task of installing a tar.gz file. This article describes the steps to install a tar.gz file on a modern Ubuntu release.
A file with the tar.gz extension is an archive file. This means that it contains one or more files; Compressed into a single archive file. Tar.gz files are similar to ZIP files in this respect.
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Importantly, not every tar.gz file you find in Ubuntu contains installable applications. Tar.gz files can be used for many other purposes, such as storing collections of documents. So don’t assume that just because you have a tar.gz you can install the software.
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Therefore, tar.gz files are often used to distribute software for Linux because they provide programmers with an easy way to package all the code for an application in a single file. So as an Ubuntu user, you may find that you want to install an application you downloaded as a tar.gz file.
Also note that sometimes applications are packaged as files with extensions similar to tar.gz, but not identical. Common examples include tar.bz2 and tar.xz files. This file works much the same as a tar.gz file. The main difference between them is the tool used to compress the data inside them.
Tar.gz is probably the most popular archive file format in Ubuntu, so we’ll focus on it below. But the commands here generally apply to the tar.* file type (in other words, any file with the extension “tar” followed by some other character).
The data inside a tar.gz file can take many forms, so there is no single way to install a tar.gz file in Ubuntu. Instead, There are various strategies you should consider. We’ll discuss each one below, starting with the easiest solution to install a tar.gz file.
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The easiest way to install a tar.gz file on Ubuntu is to not install it at all. But install the application you want using the Debian package file instead. Debian packages, whose filenames usually end in .deb, are another way of packaging applications for Ubuntu and similar operating systems.
It is better to install applications using Debian packages instead of tar.gz files for several reasons:
So before you try to install your tar.gz file, Can you find the Debian package? First search in Ubuntu Software Center. If the app is not available there; Check the app’s official website to see if a Debian package is offered for download. If it doesn’t work, Ask if someone else has built a Debian package of the application for you. Once you’ve downloaded the Debian package, right-click on it and select “Open with Software Center” to install it via Software Center. (If you want to feel geeky, you can install from the command line using the dpkg command.)
If you really can’t find a Debian package for your app, or if you need a version of the app that isn’t available from a Debian package, read on for tips on installing from a tar.gz file.
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The next step is to see if it includes instructions on how to install the application. Look in the tar.gz to see if there is. You can do this by opening the Archive Manager application in Ubuntu. (This app is sometimes called File Roller, and if you can’t find the graphical launcher, you can run it from the command line by typing file-roller.)
For example, If you download the tar.gz installation package for Tar (which becomes a program to create and open tar.gz files).
You will notice that it contains a file called INSTALL. If you open the file It provides detailed installation instructions for the application. (If there isn’t a file named like INSTALL, check the README file instead.) In this case, installing the application is as easy as following the instructions.
The installation steps for the tar.gz file may vary depending on the type of code you are running. However, In most cases, Before you can follow the installation instructions, you need to perform two basic steps:
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Sometimes you’ll find a tar.gz file that contains the source code but no installation instructions. In that case, You run the generic Make install command. The source code for Ubuntu is usually intended to be compiled using a program called Make. So there’s a good chance anyone created a tar.gz file intended to be installed via Make without instructions.
To install via Make, First, make sure you extract the tar.gz file and install the build-essential package as explained above. Then open a terminal and use the cd command to navigate to the folder where the extracted tar.gz data is stored. for example, If you extract it to a folder on your desktop named “my apps”. You will run:
This command configures the source code so that you can compile it on your computer. Depending on how you want to build the application or design the source code, you may be asked some questions.
It compiles the source code. If you are dealing with a large application, this process may take some time to complete.
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Again, Don’t expect to do this for every tar.gz file you want to install. But in general, it’s a process you can expect to follow.
If you’ve tried all of the above and still can’t install your tar.gz file. It’s best to find an online directory tailored to your application. Start with Google If you’re stuck, consider asking for help on a forum site like Ubuntu Forums.
Also note that installing an application from a tar.gz file on Ubuntu or any other operating system is not a beginner’s responsibility. It’s complex and with so many variables it can be a frustrating process even for experienced users.
Fortunately, The Ubuntu ecosystem is now so rich that the need to install software from a tar.gz file is rare these days. Almost all applications used in Ubuntu are available as Debian packages. But when I see the tar.gz in Ubuntu, The above guide, combined with a little luck, will give you what you need to install it. Data compression is very useful for us. Whether it’s a zip file with images to be sent in the mail or a compressed data backup stored on a server. We use data compression to save valuable hard drive space or make file downloads easier. There are compression formats that sometimes allow us to compress our data by 60% or more. We’ll walk you through using some of these formats to compress and decompress files and directories on a Linux machine. zip tar Basic uses of the tar.gz and tar.bz2 formats will be covered. These are some of the most popular formats for compression used on Linux machines.
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Before learning about using formats, I would like to share some of my experiences using various archiving formats. We’re talking about a few data compression formats here; There are many more out there. Realize that you need two or three compression formats that are convenient to use, and stick with them. The zip format is definitely one of them. Because zip has become the de-facto standard choice for data compression, it also works on Windows. I use the zip format for files that I may need to share with Windows users. I prefer to use the tar.gz format for files that will only be used on my Mac and Linux machines.
Zip is probably the most widely used archive format today. Its biggest advantage is Linux; It is available on all operating system platforms such as Windows and Mac OS and is generally supported out of the box. The disadvantage of the zip format is that it does not perform the best level of compression. Tar.gz and tar.bz2 are far superior in that regard. Now let’s move on to the usage.
Tar is a common archive format used on Linux systems. The advantage of tar is that it takes less time and CPU to compress the file; However, the compression is not too great. Tar is probably the Linux/UNIX version of zip – quick and dirty. Here’s how you compress a directory.
This will extract the files in the archive_name.tar archive in the current directory. As with the tar format, You can optionally extract the file to another directory:
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This format is my weapon of choice for most compression. It provides excellent compression without using too much CPU while compressing data. Use the following syntax to compress a directory.
This will extract the files inside the archive_name.tar.gz archive in the current directory. similar to
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